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Acne can affect anyone

Acne is a common skin condition that affects people worldwide, regardless of skin type or age – from teenager to adult. This complex condition requires a thorough understanding and careful approach to be treated effectively.

The myths!

1. Acne is caused by dirt

Acne is not related to personal hygiene. In fact, washing the skin often with soap makes the skin 'dry' and will tend to produce even more sebum.

2. Nutrition Myths

There is no scientific evidence that specific foods cause acne. They can worsen the condition, such as excessive sugar consumption.

3. Sunlight improves acne

Sunlight may provide temporary improvement, but harms the skin in the long term.

4. Acne is caused by stress

Although stress can make acne worse, it is not the direct cause of it. Acne is caused by a combination of factors such as excessive sebum production, accumulation of dead skin cells and bacteria on the skin.

5. Makeup causes acne

While some makeup products can be comedogenic and worsen acne, not all makeup products are bad for the skin. There are non-comedogenic water-based products that are safe for people with acne.

6. Squeezing pimples is the best way to get rid of them

Squeezing pimples can lead to scarring, infection and further spread of bacteria on the skin. It is better to treat acne with suitable products and leave squeezing it to professionals.

7. Acne goes away on its own after the teenage years

Although acne often begins during the teenage years, it can also affect adults. It is important to continue treating acne even after teenage years are over to prevent further skin problems.

The facts!

1. Topical treatments

Applying products containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoids to the skin helps reduce inflammation and inhibit bacterial growth.

2. Oral medications

For severe acne, Roaccutane, oral antibiotics or hormonal therapies may be prescribed by a doctor.

3. Professional dermatological treatments

Cleansing, including learning to deal with acne and how to care for your skin, chemical peels and/or light therapy and laser therapy for certain forms of acne.

4. Pre- and probiotics

Create an environment in which beneficial bacteria flourish and the balance between micro-organisms is promoted. Because harmful bacteria have less chance, the number of acne outbreaks decreases. In addition, there is a positive effect on the wound healing of the skin, necessary for healing a pimple. Research in this area is still ongoing, including the gut microbiome and its interactions with the skin.

Causes of acne explained

During puberty, pregnancy and the menstrual cycle, hormonal changes can increase the skin's oil production. And acne occurs when hair follicles or sebaceous glands become clogged due to excess oil production (sebum) and accumulation of dead skin cells. This leads to inflammation caused by the bacteria that feed on the trapped sebum and multiply. A common misunderstanding is that only 'bad' bacteria cause acne. Research in the field of the skin microbiome shows that the imbalance between different types of microorganisms on the skin is an important factor in acne. Because not only the presence of the bacterium Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) is important, but the ratio between microbes on the skin also plays a crucial role. Interestingly, people with acne sometimes even have less of the known acne bacteria on their skin than people without acne, while Pseudidiomarina, Staphylococcus, Malassezia furfur and Candida actually increase. This points to a complex interaction between the different bacteria on our skin. There are now new ways to treat acne, for example by improving the balance of the skin flora instead of just fighting certain bacteria.

What to do?

  • Cleansing and hydration: Find a suitable mild cleansing and hydration for your skin. Oily skin and dry skin need different products. In addition, topical treatments with ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, retinoids or niacinamide can be effective in reducing acne and preventing new outbreaks.
  • Sun protection : Using a suitable sunscreen for oily skin that is non-comedogenic. This helps to protect the skin against sun damage and reduce inflammation. Choose a product with a broad spectrum SPF and apply it daily. Even on cloudy days.
  • Nutrition: Eat foods rich in fiber, antioxidants and healthy fats.
  • Avoid antibiotic use as much as possible: This disrupts your microbiome.
  • Relax. Find moments of rest in your schedule and plan stress-reducing activities. Since stress lowers your immune system, it can negatively affect your skin's oil production.
  • A free intake at Medicadermis: with us you will receive a consultation where we look at your personal situation and help you with a treatment plan. We have a special IPL therapy that both reduces the bacteria population and promotes skin recovery at the same time. In addition, we have various microbiome-improving products that we can use. Finally, we can also remove the scars caused by acne with a special fractional laser. Please feel free to contact us for a no-obligation consultation in the Medicadermis Skin Therapy practice with our skin therapist. But an accessible contact in the form of a free video consultation is of course also possible. Discover which treatment(s) best suits your needs. Get compliments with clear, even and firm skin . Enjoy minimal recovery time with lasting results.

Sources and footnotes

  • Guo, Z., Yang, Y., Wu, Q., Liu, M., Zhou, L., Zhang, L., & Dong, D. (2023). New insights into the characteristic skin microorganisms in different grades of acne and different acne sites. Frontiers in Microbiology, 14 , 1167923.
  • Rhee, M. S., Alqam, M. L., Jones, B. C., Phadungpojna, S., Day, D., & Hitchcock, T. M. (2023). Characterization of a live Cutibacterium acnes subspecies defendens strain XYCM42 and clinical assessment as a topical regimen for general skin health and cosmesis. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 22 (3), 1031–1045.
  • Lane, M. E., Hadgraft, J., Oliveira, G., Vieira, R., Mohammed, D., & Hirata, K. (2012). Rational formulation design. International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 34 (6), 496–501.

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