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Treatments for pigment spotters

At Medicadermis we are not in favor of one-size-fits-all solutions. The art of skin care is all about spot-on treatment. Every skin feature has its own story and Medicadermis has a trained eye and ear for this. Pigment problems are diverse in nature and are difficult to treat. That is why the substantive knowledge of Medicadermis is indispensable for a personal approach to both hyperpigmentations and hypopigmentations. Our Spot program is aimed at reducing uneven pigmentation for an even skin appearance.

For the Spot collection, the skin therapist has put together a selection of products that are effective for pigment reduction. These products contain ingredients that specifically target different forms of pigmentation. They work preventively to prevent the worsening of pigmentation. In addition, they support our pigment treatments with protection and strengthening of the skin.
Explanation about pigment

Where does pigment come from?

Pigmentation refers to the coloring of the skin. This skin pigment or melanin is produced by melanocytes. Melanin plays a role in protecting our skin from ultraviolet (sun) radiation and determines an individual's skin color.

  1. The function of melanocytes : cells - the melanocytes - are responsible for the production of melanin. People of different skin tones have the same amount of it. But the variation in skin color between individuals is determined by the amount of melanin species that the melanocytes produce. And that varies.
  2. Type of melanin : There are mainly two types of melanin: eumelanin, which produces dark brown to black pigmentation, and pheomelanin, which is responsible for red to yellow tones. People with dark skin mainly produce eumelanin, resulting in deeper pigmentation, while people with lighter skin tones have a higher concentration of pheomelanin.
  3. Amount of melanin : People with darker skin tend to have a higher concentration of melanin in their skin, which contributes to their richer, darker complexion.
  4. Distribution and size of melanin particles : In the skin of people with a dark complexion, the melanin particles are also larger and more evenly distributed. This structure provides increased protection against UV radiation, an important advantage in sunny countries.

What causes pigment problems?

Pigmentation problems can range from hyperpigmentation, where dark spots appear due to increased production of melanin, to hypopigmentation, where light spots appear due to reduced production of this pigment. Such variations can cause a blotchy appearance of the skin.

Pigment problems such as hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation and melasma are common skin issues that can be caused by a variety of factors. From genetic predisposition to exposure to external environmental factors, it is important to understand the underlying causes.

  • Genetic predisposition plays an important role in many conditions that affect pigmentation. Conditions such as vitiligo and albinism are examples of this.
  • Sun exposure is another crucial factor. Excessive UV light can increase melanin production, resulting in sun spots or liver spots. In addition, prolonged sun exposure can increase the risk of skin cancer.
  • Hormonal influences also have an influence. For example, changes during pregnancy, during breastfeeding or the use of birth control pills or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can cause melasma, which manifests itself in dark spots on the face.
  • Inflammation can lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). This happens when, after a skin injury or inflammation, extra melanin is produced in response to the inflammation. Examples of this are acne, eczema or wounds.
  • Medication can also be a driving force behind pigment changes. For example, certain antimalarials, tetracyclines and some chemotherapy agents can have hyperpigmentation as a side effect.
  • Chemical exposure , such as chemicals in hair dye and bleach products, can cause localized pigment changes. But cosmetics with high percentages of vitamin C or Retinol that increase skin sensitivity can also be considered chemical exposure.
  • Specific skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis that cause temporary or permanent changes in skin pigmentation due to the inflammatory processes they cause.
  • Yeast infections of the skin caused by dermatophytes can sometimes lead to hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation. These conditions are typically caused by fungi that are usually found naturally on the skin.
  • Skin treatments can sometimes unintentionally cause pigment discolorations. Combining such treatments with sun exposure is especially risky, as even apparently mild procedures can trigger hyperpigmentation in susceptible individuals. That is why it is really important to choose skin therapeutic treatments where the safety and expertise of the practitioner are paramount. At Medicadermis we ensure that each treatment is carefully tailored to your specific skin condition and needs.

The most common pigment problems

Here are some of the most common types of hyperpigmentation that occur:
  • Melasma : This type of hyperpigmentation is often associated with hormonal changes and is more common in women, especially during pregnancy (sometimes called "pregnancy mask"). It manifests itself in the form of dark, irregular spots usually on the face.
  • Sunspots (Lentigo Solaris) : These spots, also known as age spots, are caused by prolonged exposure to the sun. They usually appear on parts of the body most exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands and arms.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) : This type occurs after a skin injury or inflammation, such as acne, eczema, or even after certain skin treatments. It results in dark spots that may appear at the site of the previous skin condition.
  • Freckles : Small, brown spots that usually appear on people with lighter skin tones. Freckles are normally genetic and become more noticeable after sun exposure.
  • Café-au-lait stains : Although these can be difficult to remove completely, certain types of laser can be effective.
  • Nevus of Ota : This is a blue-gray hyperpigmentation that usually occurs on the face and around the eyes.
  • Tattoos : Although not technically natural pigmentation, tattoos are often treated with Q-switched lasers that can break down ink particles, thus removing the tattoo.
The treatment options

Laser therapy and IPL for darkening of the skin

Medicadermis uses several light and laser technologies. The choice of a specific type of light or laser therapy depends on several factors, such as the skin type, the strength of the discoloration, and the location on the body. Laser therapy uses light rays with a specific wavelength to target pigment spots. The light from the laser or IPL is absorbed by the pigment in the skin, breaking it into smaller particles that can then be removed from the body. This can lead to a lighter and more even skin tone. The skin must then be protected with a high SPF to maintain the achieved results. Pigment quickly returns under the influence of the sun!

Medical Peelings for dark discoloration of the skin

Medical peels provide an effective solution for fading dark discolorations on the skin, such as hyperpigmentation and sun damage. These treatments work by gently peeling away the top layers of the skin, which not only helps to even out skin tone, but also noticeably improves the skin's overall texture. In addition, peels increase the effectiveness of skin care products by promoting deeper penetration into a renewed skin layer. However, it is crucial to take extra care when applying chemical peels to dark skin to avoid specific risks.

Medical microneedling for darkening of the skin

Medical microneedling is an effective treatment method for dark skin discolorations such as hyperpigmentation. Using a device with fine needles, small wounds are made in the top layer of the skin. These micro-injuries stimulate the skin to activate its natural healing processes, leading to various benefits for skin with dark discolorations. The benefits of microneedling for dark skin discolorations:

  • Stimulation of collagen production : This treatment increases collagen production in the skin. More collagen can help fade dark spots and provide a more uniform skin tone.
  • Improved absorption of skin care products : Microneedling improves the absorption of active ingredients in skin care products. After treatment, products designed to combat pigmentation can penetrate deeper, making them more effective at reducing dark spots.

This treatment therefore offers a double approach: on the one hand, stimulating internal processes such as collagen production for a better skin structure, and on the other hand, increasing the effectiveness of external treatments through the improved absorption of skin care products. This makes microneedling a versatile solution for improving dark discolorations and achieving a more even skin tone.

Lightening skin treatment using cosmeceuticals

Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic products with active ingredients that have a therapeutic effect on the skin. They are particularly effective for home treatment of skin discolorations. Cosmeceuticals provide a practical alternative or complement to professional treatments. In preparation, the skin therapist can prescribe them to prevent pigmentation problems after treatment. At Medicadermis we have carefully selected products from reliable brands. They contain natural extracts and have the ability to reduce melanin production. The products we offer are effective and safe for improving skin health. This is especially important for dark skin types to minimize the risk of irritation or unwanted discoloration. In addition, we can choose between mild options, suitable for daily use, to more specialized treatments intended for specific cases and serious discolorations. This requires a personal approach.

  • Retinoids and Dark Spots : Products like Tretinoin, a powerful form of vitamin A, accelerate cell turnover and can effectively reduce visible dark spots. However, due to Tretinoin's potency, caution should be used when using it on darker skin types, to minimize the risk of irritation and further pigmentation. Retinol, a gentler option available without a prescription, also improves skin texture and helps reduce pigmentation. This is often more suitable for people with dark skin, because it is milder and less likely to lead to side effects. At Medicadermis we offer different strengths of retinol so we can take a tailor-made approach to suit the sensitivity and needs of each skin type. We always advise our customers to gradually build up these products in their skin care routine, under the guidance of our skin therapist, to achieve the best results without damaging the skin.
  • Exfoliating Acids : At Medicadermis we understand that not all acids in the same concentrations are suitable for every skin type. Especially for dark skins. That's why we carefully choose products with exfoliating acids such as alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs), which are available in various concentrations. This enables us to take a personal approach to each customer. Depending on their specific skin needs and sensitivity. For example, lower concentrations may be more suitable for darker skins to minimize irritation and lower the risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, while higher concentrations may be effective for other skin types.
  • Sunscreen Broad-spectrum sunscreen : Essential to prevent further discolouration from UV rays, which can worsen existing hyperpigmentation.

At Medicadermis we attach great importance to consistent use of our recommended products, as this is essential for achieving visible results. In addition, we always recommend a patch test, carried out under the supervision of our skin therapists, to prevent possible skin irritation or allergic reactions. For the best results, it is important to combine these treatments with regular evaluations by our skin therapist.

Camouflage and dermatography

Medical camouflage therapy for dark and lighter skin discoloration

At Medicadermis we offer medical camouflage therapy as a treatment option for both dark and lighter skin discolorations. This therapy is suitable for patients seeking a non-invasive solution to camouflage pigmentation differences and other dermatological conditions.

We use dermatologically tested camouflage products to provide long-lasting, water-resistant coverage while preserving the skin's natural appearance. Our extensive range of colors are carefully matched to each client's individual skin tone, ensuring unobtrusive integration with the surrounding skin. These camouflage products are safe and effective even on sensitive skin recovering from treatments such as laser therapy, chemical peels, or microneedling. They not only provide excellent coverage for temporary redness, swelling, or other discolorations that may occur after such procedures, but also support the healing process. This allows the skin to recover while at the same time protecting it against exposure to sunlight and environmental influences.

Our skin therapist is trained in the application of these special products and offers personalized instructions to empower clients to apply these techniques themselves for daily use. Each treatment session is carried out with an evaluation of the skin condition. We take into account factors such as skin type, degree of discoloration, and personal lifestyle to work towards optimal results. The use of medical camouflage at Medicadermis is not only aimed at aesthetic improvement, but also at strengthening the psychological well-being of our clients.

Dermatography for the treatment of hypopigmentation

Dermatography, also known as medical tattooing can be used to treat hypopigmentation. With hypopigmentation there is a decrease in melanin in the skin, resulting in light spots or spots. During a dermatography procedure, pigment is tattooed superficially into the skin using a tattoo machine and special needles. The pigments are carefully chosen to match the natural skin color and are strategically applied to camouflage hypopigmentation.

Before considering dermatography, it is always wise to consult with your skin therapist. Together you can determine whether this is the right treatment option for your specific situation. Any risks or contraindications are also discussed.

Which treatment is suitable for me?

With our extensive treatment options, Medicadermis is ready to answer your skin problem. But we understand that all the choices we offer online can be difficult. And that sometimes you just need advice in addition to the information we share online. Please feel free to contact us for a no-obligation consultation in the Medicadermis Skin Therapy practice with our skin therapist. But an accessible contact in the form of a free video consultation is of course also possible. Discover which treatment(s) best suits your needs. Get compliments with clear, even and firm skin . Enjoy minimal recovery time with lasting results.

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